Since the terrorist attacks in the United States on 11^th
September 2001, the world has achieved a heightened sense of
The Maritime Industry is no longer considered a safe,
non-political, global transportation systems that moves goods by
sea harmlessly from one place to another, but rather, a liability
that exposes all nations, maritime and non-maritime alike, to the
threat of terrorist attack.
There are hundreds of terrorist organizations around the worlds.
They all have their own political agendas, their own complaints,
and their own victims.
For the first time in history of the world, however, any such
organization has the capability of wreaking mass destruction
within or outside the Nation in which it is located.
Consequently, no Nation, whatever its political affiliation or
make-up, is safe from such activity.
In the aftermath of the events of 11^th September, 2001 the United
Nations, through Security Council, called on the International
Community to redouble its efforts to prevent and suppress
terrorist acts, including full implementation of all
Simultaneously, the Secretary – General of IMO proposed to the
member states that the organization should review, as a matter of
utmost urgently, all its conventions and other instruments that
have a bearing on the prevention and suppression of unlawful acts,
including terrorism, that may affect the safety and security of
shipping and port operations.
The proposal was made because terrorist acts against shipping and
ports – for example, the use of a gas tanker as an explosive
device in a major port city, an attack on a large cruise ship, or
the explosion or deliberate sinking of vessels in canal or heavily
trafficked shipping lanes – would be devastating to the
thousands of persons immediately affected, with enormous
commercial, environmental and public health consequences also.
Moreover, such incidents could have a significantly adverse impact,
for a considerable period of time, on the transportation of the
world’s trade, over 90% of which is carried by merchant ships
and passes through ports, and therefore on the global economy.
The 22^nd session
of the IMO Assembly, held in November 2001, approved the
Secretary- General’s proposal and adopted resolution A 924 (22)
calling for a review of measures and procedures to prevent act of
terrorism that threaten passengers and crews and the safety of
In 2002 IMO therefore launched a global program on Maritime / Port
18 months ago the IMO gave July 1^st 2004 as deadline to its
member states to comply with the International Ship and Port
Facility Security code.
It hurts to note here in that although the Port of Mombasa is
compliant the government of Kenya has not addressed the
legislative and institutional framework for Maritime Security.
Legislation of the relevant laws will eventually pave way for
Kenya to be placed on the IMO white list.
The Mombasa Port has implemented the security requirements, which
must be in place by 1^st July 2004.
In order for Kenya to be placed on the IMO white list there is an
urgent need to enact the Port and Maritime Security Act.
For, development of the East and Central African Countries depends
heavily on the Port of Mombasa. We call-upon the government of
Kenya to urgently do the needful.
Seafarers Assistance Program
P.O. Box 92273
Tel: 00254 41 312058
Cell:00254 721 393458
Fax: 00254 41 230001