ARMS PROLIFERATION / DRUG TRAFFICKING
recent escape of the Tanzania oil tanker Mt Beacon from Kenya
territorial waters is not only an embarrassment to the Kenya
Security, but it is a Security risk to this region. For, this is
the fifth Ocean-going vessel to runaway from the very eyes of the
Kenya Police and Kenya Navy.
has long been a major transit point for weapons shipments destined
to war torn countries in this region.
the ease of weapons flows across borders, arms purchases by
regional actors that are facilitated by the then Kenya Government
contribute to the problems in East Africa where weapons are
recycled from war torn countries.
proliferation in East Africa has reached crisis proportions, for
it is said that seventy-five percent of this region is awash with
has fueled insecurity and crime in East Africa where guns are
commonly used to commit a range of violent acts.
year 2000 Kenya Police recovered between 1,800 and 2,000
unlicensed guns per month in the capital city of Nairobi, and
about 5,000 illegal firearms remained in circulation in the
from Nairobi there are over 40,000 firearms illegally held in the
other parts of the country.
Northern Rift Valley Provinces 95% of households are armed.
the armed political violence in the Coast Province in 1997 a total
of 104 people were killed in the violence 133 were injured,
100,000 were displaced, hundreds of structures were damaged and
other property was damaged or stolen.
1991 and 1998, politically motivated ethnic violence in the Rift
Valley Province took 3,500 lives and displaced over 400,000
motivated ethnic violence in the Rift Valley Province took 1,500
lives and displaced over 300,000 people in 1991 and in 1998 it
took 2,000 lives and displaced over 400,000 people.
also been estimated that in the cattle raids using automatic
weapons account for more 1,200 deaths and theft of over 300,000
livestock in Kenya and Uganda.
October 25, 1998 well over one hundred members of the Degodia
community were killed and an estimated 17,000 camels, cattle,
sheep and goats were stolen in the Northern Eastern Province of
above statistics indicates that the 640 Km Kenya Coastline is not
from Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, the 3.700 km Somali Coastline
continues to be the main danger area.
the hot sports in the West Indian Ocean and Southeast Africa
Pangani, Bagamoyo, Kunduchi, Kisiju, Kilindoni, Mafia Island,
Kilwa, Songamnora Island, Mtwara, Lindi, Mwambo, Mbegani, Kimbuji,
Jasini, Zingibari, Moa Nyakatombe, Makunduchi, Chwaka.
Quionga, Palma, Macimboa da Praia, Ibo, Pembani, Quelimane, Nacala.
Island, Kinondo, Gazi, Bodo, Majoreni, Vanga, Mokowe, Jasini
Shimoni, Lamu Takaungu, Kipini, Ukonumbi, Mombasa Old Port, Kiunga,
/ GULF OF ADEN:
Afun, Eyl, Obbia, Elmaan, Brava, Bossaso, Kismayu, Gobwen, Cape
from arms smuggling, tonnes of illicit drugs find their way to
this region through unauthorized sea points to the Indian Ocean
and Southeast Africa region.
drug barons and arms smugglers beat the regions security systems
by using speed boats, fishing boats yatchs, dhows and foreign
Ocean-going FOC vessels at times to ferry the illicit cargo from
the high seas to beaches anywhere along the Coast.
to the current security situation in this region. I would
appreciate it if the regional members states could urgently take
appropriate measures unto this important subject matter by
implementing the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) code.
ISPS code applies to all Ocean-going vessels over 500 GRT engaged
in international voyages and all port facilities serving such
ships. There is also an urgent need of setting up Coast guard in
Secretary of the Seafarers Union of Kenya